By Talya Fishman
In Becoming the folk of the Talmud, Talya Fishman examines ways that conditions of transmission have formed the cultural which means of Jewish traditions. even supposing the Talmud's preeminence in Jewish learn and its deciding upon function in Jewish perform are typically taken without any consideration, Fishman contends that those roles weren't solidified till the overdue 11th and early 12th centuries. The inscription of Talmud—which Sefardi Jews comprehend to have happened rather early, and Ashkenazi Jews merely later—precipitated those advancements. The stumble upon with Oral Torah as a written corpus was once transformative for either subcultures, and it formed the jobs that Talmud got here to play in Jewish life.
What have been the historic conditions that resulted in the inscription of Oral Torah in medieval Europe? How did this physique of old rabbinic traditions, replete with felony controversies and nonlegal fabric, emerge as construed as a reference paintings and prescriptive consultant to Jewish existence? Connecting insights from geonica, medieval Jewish and Christian background, and orality-textuality reviews, Becoming the folks of the Talmud reconstructs the method of cultural transformation that happened as soon as medieval Jews encountered the Babylonian Talmud as a written textual content. in line with Fishman, the ascription of larger authority to written textual content used to be observed by way of alterations in interpreting behavior, compositional predilections, lecture room practices, ways to adjudication, checks of the earlier, and social hierarchies. She contends that definite medieval Jews have been conscious of those alterations: a few famous that books had changed academics; others protested the elevation of Talmud-centered erudition and casuistic virtuosity into criteria of spiritual excellence, on the fee of religious refinement. The booklet concludes with a attention of Rhineland Pietism's emergence during this context and means that contemporaneous phenomena—the prominence of customized in medieval Ashkenazi tradition and the unconventional Christian assault on Talmud—were ultimately associated with the recent eminence of this written textual content in Jewish life.
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Extra resources for Becoming the People of the Talmud: Oral Torah as Written Tradition in Medieval Jewish Cultures (Jewish Culture and Contexts)
Becoming the People of the Talmud: Oral Torah as Written Tradition in Medieval Jewish Cultures (Jewish Culture and Contexts) by Talya Fishman